A man who stabbed two people to death and wounded three others in a “terror-related” attack was shot dead by police on London Bridge after he was held down by members of the public.
Usman Khan, 28, had been released from jail on licence in 2018, half-way through a 16-year sentence for terrorism offences.
Cambridge University graduates Jack Merritt, 25, and Saskia Jones, 23, were killed in the attack.
Jack Merritt, studied law at the University of Manchester before going to Cambridge to continue his studies.
Saskia Jones, was from Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, and both were involved in a university prisoner rehabilitation programme at Cambridge University.
Mr Merritt, from Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, was a co-ordinator and Ms Jones a volunteer, the Met Police said.
They were attacked during a conference being held on Friday afternoon at Fishmongers’ Hall, at the north end of London Bridge.
The family of Ms Jones paid tribute to her as a “positive influence at the centre of many people’s lives”.
Ms Jones’ former university tutor Colleen Moore told BBC Breakfast: “She was fearless, she was a warrior, she was going to change the world – maybe she will.”
“She was a lovely, lovely woman, she made me laugh. She called me out on things – a lot of people were scared of me, she wasn’t.”
Mr Merritt had a “deep commitment” to the scheme, known as Learning Together, according to people who worked with him.
His father David Merritt said his son was “a beautiful spirit who always took the side of the underdog”.
A member of university staff was also among the three people injured.
Two of those, both of them women, remain in a stable condition in hospital, according to police.
Khan’s attack began at 13:58 GMT inside Fishmongers’ Hall.
Fishmonger Company chief executive Toby Williamson said staff who fought Khan as he launched his attack believed he was wearing a bomb.
He described the scene inside the hall as a game of “pinball bomb with added knives”.
He said one staff member in the hall’s reception tried in vain to hold Khan back behind doors while another calmly placed a call to emergency services.
Mr Williamson said two men used chairs, fire extinguishers, a pole and a narwhal tusk, which was hanging on the wall, to fend off Khan after he broke through the doors, driving him out of the building.
One of those called Lukasz, a Polish national who was working as a porter in the hall’s basement, suffered five wounds to his left-hand side as he fended off the knifeman with a pole during “about a minute of one-on-one straight combat” – allowing others time to escape danger, Mr Williamson said.
Lukasz was taken to hospital for treatment but has since been able to return home.
Khan was forced out of Fishmongers’ Hall by a group of men – with hall staff joined by participants of the Learning Together conference – said to include ex-prisoners, probation and prison staff.
Two men can be seen in a video holding the attacker back using a whale tusk, seized from a wall mount, and a fire extinguisher spray, before others stepped in to pin him down.
In a second video a man is seen walking away holding a large knife they had retrieved. British Transport Police said later he was a plain clothes officer.
The Metropolitan Police said its armed officers arrived on the scene within five minutes of the initial 999 call.
The people holding Khan down were moved away by the armed police officers after they thought he was wearing a suicide vest under his jacket.
He was then shot by an officer.
The Met’s assistant commissioner said the explosive vest which turned out to be a hoax looked “very convincing”.
What do we know about the attacker?
Mr Basu said Khan was released from jail in December 2018.
He had been convicted in 2012 after plotting with a group from Stoke-on-Trent, London and Cardiff.
They discussed attacking the London Stock Exchange and pubs in Stoke, and setting up a jihadist training camp in Pakistan.
One of the conditions of his release was that he should wear an electronic tag.
He also had to take part in the government’s desistance and disengagement programme, the purpose of which is the rehabilitation of people who have been involved in terrorism. The Parole Board said it had no involvement in his release from jail.
Usman Khan had spent years preaching in Stoke and had links to the banned organisation al-Muhajiroun.
What is happening now?
An urgent review of the licence conditions of people jailed for terror offences has been launched by the Ministry of Justice (MoJ).
It confirmed the number of offenders convicted of terrorism offences who are currently under supervision in the community is 74.
In a Twitter response to Brendan Cox, whose MP wife Jo Cox was murdered, Jack Merritt’s father said: “I obviously don’t have full facts about the process that led to the attacker being released but what I can say with certainty is that no one at the event had the slightest inkling that he could or would do something like this.
“We don’t need knee-jerk reactions.”
Prayers have also been said at Southwark Cathedral for Mr Merritt and Ms Jones.
The Dean, the Very Revd Andrew Nunn, said the incident had brought back memories of the 2017 attack.
Officers have been carrying out two searches; in Stafford where Khan is believed to have lived, and in Stoke-on-Trent.
Mr Basu said police were going through at least 500 images and videos sent to them.
Police patrols across London have been increased as a result of the attack.
The Queen sent “thoughts, prayers and deepest sympathies to all those who have lost loved ones” on behalf of herself and Prince Philip.
Two boys tried to fight off an alleged serial rapist and rescue their friend who had been kidnapped, a court has heard.
A teenager told police he was walking along a Greater Manchester street with two friends – a girl and a boy – when they were stopped by Joseph McCann.
He said the defendant initially accused them of bullying his sister before driving off with the girl.
Mr McCann, 34, of Harrow, London, denies 37 offences against 11 victims.
The alleged attacks happened across London, Hertfordshire and the North West over a two-week period.
Mr McCann’s trial at London’s Old Bailey heard the boy, who cannot be named because of his age, told police the defendant was drinking from a bottle of wine in a car before ordering them into the vehicle.
“This guy stopped us, he said, ‘Which one of you was calling my sister names and making threats to her?’,” the boy said in a recorded interview.
“We said, ‘We haven’t, it was not us’. He told us to get into the car.”
Mr McCann later told the boys to “hop out” and wait on the pavement “for five minutes”, while the girl remained in the back seat of the car, the jury heard.
The witness said the defendant then told them he would stab them if they reported what had happened to police.
“He said he was keeping her hostage, then he drove off at 50mph,” the boy said.
“[The girl] was just crying. We asked her if she was OK. We tried to get her out. My friend was trying to get the guy off her for at least two minutes.”
The court heard a woman – who Mr McCann said was his grandmother – was in the front of the car at the time.
The trial has previously heard she was a 71-year-old shopper who was punched in the face by the defendant before being kidnapped and sexually assaulted.
The boys later raised the alarm at a nearby shop, the court was told.
Mr McCann, who was not in court, is charged with the following offences against women and children aged 11 to 71, between 20 April and 5 May this year:
- Ten counts of false imprisonment
- Seven counts of rape
- One count of rape of a child
- Two counts of causing or inciting a person to engage in sexual activity without consent
- Seven counts of kidnap
- One count of attempted kidnap
- Three counts of causing or inciting a child under 13 to engage in sexual activity
- Three counts of assault by penetration
- One count of sexual assault
- Two counts of committing a sexual offence with intent
The trial continues.
Rape-accused Joseph McCann was branded “pure evil” as a teenager described how she and her little brother were abused at knifepoint.
Mr McCann 34, from Harrow, allegedly tricked his way into a family home in Greater Manchester on 5 May.
He tied up a mother with hair straighteners and molested her children, aged 17 and 11.
The girl said she feared becoming Mr McCann’s “sex slave” before jumping out of a first-floor window to escape.
Mr McCann denies 37 offences against 11 victims.
In a video-taped police interview played in court, the 17-year-old girl described how her attacker had initially grabbed her, put his hand over her mouth and told her to “shut up”.
She said: “I managed to wriggle out of it. He pulled me down onto the floor. That’s when he must have knocked me out. His knife must have cut me in a few places.
“My mum was like, ‘what are you doing?’, trying to stop him.”
The teenager claims he took cocaine and swigged vodka before repeatedly sexually assaulting her and her brother.
She said: “When I did not do what he said he kept putting the knife up to me.
“In my head I was trying to think of alternative ways of trying to get out of this situation.”
‘You are mine’
She went on: “I mentioned my brother was 11 and he said, ‘I didn’t know that, how old are you?’ I said 17.
“He said to me, ‘you are going to Europe tomorrow, you are mine’.
“At this point my life flashed before my eyes. I thought of marriage and everything. I’m going to be his sex slave. I thought, I’m not having this.”
The court previously heard how the girl fractured her heel when she jumped out of a window naked to escape.
The trial continues.
Leeds United goalkeeper Kiko Casilla been granted extra time to respond to allegations that he racially abused Charlton Athletic’s Jonathan Leko.
The Spaniard, 33, allegedly used words that “made reference to race and/or colour and/or ethnic origin”.
He had been due to respond by Tuesday, 12 November, but now has until Wednesday, 27 November.
Leeds issued a statement when Casilla was charged on 4 November saying the former Real Madrid goalkeeper “strenuously denies the allegation”.
Under rules introduced for the 2019-20 season, the minimum suspension for a player found guilty of an aggravated breach of the FA’s discrimination rules will be six matches, which can be increased depending on any additional aggravating factors.
On Saturday afternoon, the hot water went off in Alex Milsom’s shared house in west London. Discussing the problem with his housemates on WhatsApp, one person replied: “It’s because there’s a cage on the thermostat.”
“I said I would put the water back on, but obviously I couldn’t get past the new lock box,” Alex said.
His landlady had visited the property to install a clear thermostat cover over the Google Nest thermostat – which can control heating and hot water.
“We have no idea what the temperature is,” he said. “The Nest screen only lights up when you stand up close to it, but the box has stopped that from working and we can’t see the number.”
Alex, 21, has been living with six or seven others in a semi-detached house in Ealing since August. Rented from a private landlady, he pays £700 a month, and the landlady covers his utility bills.
In a multi-occupancy dwelling like Alex’s, the landlord is permitted to control the heating, with no rules against boxing off the thermostat, experts say. The same is true of a standard rental property with fewer than three tenants, if the landlord pays the bills.
But, until now, Alex and his housemates have had control over the temperature of their home and the hot water via the thermostat in the communal kitchen.
“It’s just quite funny,” he adds.
“On Sunday night I woke up in a sweat because the heating was on, but the next morning I had to shower at work because there was no hot water,” he says. The water has since returned.
Alex shared his story on Twitter on Saturday, which went viral and prompted queries over the legality of the move.
Some landlords responded to the thread by saying the move could be understandable in a situation where tenants were being careless with the heating.
So can a landlord box off a thermostat?
David Smith, policy director for the Residential Landlords Association, says there are no rules around boxing off thermostats.
But adds: “It is a matter of good tenancy management and we encourage landlords to speak first with tenants before taking such action.
“In shared homes there can often be disputes between tenants who want the thermostat set at different temperatures.”
However, the issue is not clear cut.
A tenant has a right to heating and hot water, says Daniel Fitzpatrick, a partner at Hodge Jones & Allen solicitors.
But whether a landlord can box off a thermostat depends on the terms of the tenancy agreement.
“If the tenant is just paying a basic agreement where bills are not included, that could be why the landlord installed the fitting – usually thermostats can be covered,” he says.
“Should that not be the case, then there could be various actions against the landlord.
“It’s a basic right to be able to turn on heating and hot water, and it would be a breach of health and safety if the tenant could not.”
Housing experts from Citizens Advice say the legality of a landlord-controlled thermostat is likely to rely on whether it results in hazards – excess cold or possibly extreme heat.
According to the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS), which governs housing conditions, heating can be centrally controlled by the landlord in a house in multiple occupation.
But the guidance adds that if this causes “unreasonable extremes in temperature” then this may represent a hazard – over which the local authority can take action against the landlord.
Risks of adverse health effects arise when indoor temperature drops below 19C, with serious health risks occurring below 16C, it says.
What can a tenant do if they are still unhappy?
Under the new Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) Act 2018, all residential tenancies after 20 March 2019 are required to be free of hazards.
If a tenant feels this is not the case they could try making a claim against the landlord.
But Citizens Advice says it is better to try to “negotiate amicably” if at all possible – “due to the limited security of tenure which private tenants tend to have” – and it warns of the risk of an escalating row.
“The tenants might consider trying to take control of the heating themselves by using electric heaters.
“There is a risk, however, that the landlord may respond negatively to a huge electricity bill, and perhaps seek to serve a section 21 notice (no fault eviction notice) to terminate the tenancy at the end of the fixed term, or seek to alter the rent or other tenancy terms as a condition of any renewal.”
A police officer has been hit by a car which had been pulled over in an “intelligence led stop” in Tottenham.
The vehicle was stopped by armed police in White Hart Lane at about 11:30 GMT and struck the officer when it was driven off “at speed”, the Met said.
London Ambulance Service said the firearms officer suffered a minor injury and had been driven to hospital.
No arrests have been made and “inquiries are under way to locate the suspects and the vehicle,” police said.
London’s trams are being fitted with automatic braking systems three years after a derailment killed seven people.
The safety measure is one of 15 recommended by the Rail Accidents Investigation Branch (RAIB) following its inquiry into the Croydon crash in November 2016.
Sixty one people were also injured when the tram, travelling at almost four times the speed limit, derailed.
TfL said the installation took three years because it “needed to be right”.
London will be the first UK tram service to have an automatic braking system.
Yellow beacons on tracks will monitor speeds and automatically apply the brakes if a tram exceeds speed limits.
The tram that crashed on a curve approaching the Sandilands stop in Croydon, was travelling at 43.5mph in a 12mph zone, investigators found.
“This is a particularly complex system where you are dealing with trams that are 20-years-old and we’re having to install something that interferes… with the acceleration and braking systems of the tram and we need to know it’s right,” said Mark Davis, Transport for London’s general manager of London Trams.
The new braking system would initially be configured for priority high-risk locations, but would be fitted in all trams by the end of the year TfL added.
Automatic braking will operate alongside another system launched in 2017 to warn of driver distraction and tiredness.
During its investigations the RAIB found the driver had taken a micro-sleep and that this was linked to fatigue.
Andy Benham, a tram driver not involved in the crash, has been using a simulator to train for the new safety system.
“It’s very reassuring. At the moment a lot of the driving is just down to the driver, so having this as a back-up in case anything should go wrong, you know you are safe,” he said.
Other safety measures include cats eyes fitted in tunnels and chevrons painted on bends to help the driver.
Extinction Rebellion activists are continuing protests despite a London-wide ban by police.
The group says it will challenge the ban, saying it believes it is unlawful. Lawyers and politicians have also criticised the move.
Meanwhile climate change protesters targeted the Department for Transport and MI5 on Tuesday morning.
A government spokeswoman said protests “should not disrupt people’s day-to-day lives”.
Extinction Rebellion’s co-founder, Gail Bradbrook, was arrested after climbing on to the entrance of the Department for Transport on Tuesday morning. Police also cleared further protesters from outside the building.
Activists have also been arrested on Millbank outside MI5’s headquarters, where a small group had gathered. Two men briefly sat in the middle of the road before being moved by officers.
On Monday evening, the Metropolitan Police began clearing protesters from Trafalgar Square following the announcement of a ban on the protests.
Under Section 14 of the Public Order Act, the force had imposed conditions requiring activists to stop their protests in central London by 21:00 BST on 14 October or risk arrest.
The Metropolitan Police said that the ban was imposed after “continued breaches” of a condition limiting the demonstration to Trafalgar Square.
Speaking to the Victoria Derbyshire programme, Extinction Rebellion campaigner and former Met Police officer Paul Stephens said: “Police are being really sloppy with the law, and it won’t stand up in court.”
He added that “there will be a judicial review”.
Mayor of London Sadiq Khan has said he is “seeking further information” about the decision to impose the ban and why it was necessary.
“I believe the right to peaceful and lawful protest must always be upheld,” he said.
A spokeswoman for the government said the UK was “already taking world-leading action to combat climate change”.
The statement added: “While we share people’s concerns about global warming, and respect the right to peaceful protest, it should not disrupt people’s day-to-day lives.”
‘Overreach of powers’
Meanwhile, lawyers have questioned whether the ban by police was legal.
Anti-Brexit barrister Jo Maugham QC said the move was “a huge overreach” of police powers, while human rights lawyer Adam Wagner described it as “draconian and extremely heavy-handed”.
Mr Wagner added in a tweet: “We have a right to free speech under article 10 and to free assembly under article 11 of the (annex to the) Human Rights Act. These can only be interfered with if the interference is lawful and proportionate. I think the police may have gone too far here.”
Shadow home secretary Diane Abbott tweeted: “This ban is completely contrary to Britain’s long-held traditions of policing by consent, freedom of speech, and the right to protest.”
Allan Hogarth, of Amnesty International, issued a statement saying the ban was “an unlawful restriction on the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly”.
A number of demonstrations have been staged across the capital by Extinction Rebellion, which is calling on the government to do more to tackle climate change.
The protests were due to last two weeks and have led to more than 1,400 arrests.
The Met said there had been 1,457 arrests by 08:45 BST on Tuesday, in connection with the nine days of Extinction Rebellion protests in London.
Last week, the Home Office confirmed to BBC News that it was reviewing police powers around protests in response to recent demonstrations.
What are the rules around protests?
Police have the powers to ban a protest under the Public Order Act 1986, if a senior officer has reasonable belief that it may cause “serious disruption to the life of the community”.
Police are also under a duty to balance the task of keeping the streets open with the right freedom of assembly under the Article 11 of the Human Rights Act 1998 and freedom of expression, under Article 10. These rights are not absolute – the state can curtail them.
However, the BBC’s home affairs correspondent Dominic Casciani said: “The test, if and when it gets to a court battle, is whether police action was proportionate to threat and only what was strictly necessary.”
By law, the organiser of a public march must tell the police certain information in writing six days in advance.
Police have the power to limit or change the route of the march or set other conditions.
A Section 14 notice issued under the Public Order Act allows police to impose conditions on a static protest and individuals who fail to comply with these can be arrested.
Extinction Rebellion activists have glued themselves to one government department and to the underside of a lorry outside another on a second day of protests in central London.
Police have made more than 400 arrests, and those camped out in Westminster have been ordered to move on.
The prime minister has described the activists as “unco-operative crusties”.
But campaigner and TV presenter Chris Packham said they are “the concerned people of the world.”
Extinction Rebellion activists are protesting in cities around the world, including Berlin, Amsterdam and Sydney, and are calling for urgent action on global climate and wildlife emergencies.
Protesters say they are occupying 11 sites in central London and people have travelled from across the UK to take part in the demonstrations.
The Metropolitan Police said at 13:00 BST on Tuesday there have been 404 arrests in relation to them.
Activists have attached themselves to the underside of a lorry, which is blocking the road outside the Home Office.
The vehicle is parked on Marsham Street, where hundreds of protesters set up camp overnight. One activist climbed on top of the lorry and set up a tent.
There was a large police presence in the area on Tuesday, with pictures showing officers removing activists from the lorry.
Protesters have also glued themselves to the Department for Transport building – a tactic used in similar protests in April.
Two activists have attached themselves to the doors of the building, while others demonstrate outside.
Meanwhile, a group have placed 800 potted trees outside Parliament, in Old Palace Yard, as they call on the government to plant billions of trees across the UK.
Trees have been dedicated to MPs, and protesters hope they will use them to reforest the country.
Sean Clay, 36, from Newcastle, told the BBC: “Planting trees would go a long way to restore the habitats we have lost as well as absorbing carbon emissions.”
Asked about Boris Johnson’s description of demonstrators, Packham told the BBC’s Victoria Derbyshire programme: “I was there yesterday. I met farmers, I met teachers, I met scientists, I met lawyers, I met grandparents, I met mothers and fathers, and I met children.
“These are the concerned people of the world.”
Mr Johnson had suggested while attending a book launch on Monday that the demonstrators should abandon their “hemp-smelling bivouacs” and stop blocking roads.
Protester Claudia Fisher, 57, from Brighton said campaigners would like to discuss their views with the prime minister.
Responding to his description of activists as “unco-operative crusties”, Ms Fisher said: “We are a little bit crusty, I’ll put my hands up to it, after a night sleeping out on the grounds of Whitehall, but we’re not uncooperative.
“We’re actually very cooperative. We… would really like to hear what he has to say, and we’d really like him to… hear what we have to say.”
John Curran, a 49-year-old former detective sergeant for the Metropolitan Police, was one of the protesters who camped overnight.
Mr Curran, who has a three-year-old daughter, says he was arrested while protesting with Extinction Rebellion in April, and is willing to be arrested again.
He said: “Clearly there is some frustration (for the police) that they probably have better things to be doing, and I agree, but the responsibility for that must lie with the government.
“Take action, and we won’t have to be here.”
Protesters who camped in Horseferry Road and Marsham Street, in Westminster, throughout the night were warned that they will be arrested unless they move to nearby Trafalgar Square. Police handed out section 14 notices to tents at around 07:30 BST.
Activists also camped at Smithfield Market overnight, but they say they allowed traders to operate.
‘A last resort’
By Becky Morton, BBC News
The only rush hour traffic around Parliament this morning came from cyclists, who were cheered as they passed encampments of protesters dotted around Westminster.
Roads have been blocked by tents and gazebos, with protesters from all over the country camping overnight.
Bowls of porridge were served from food trucks, while volunteers said some local businesses had donated pastries.
One of those who spent the night here is Mikaela Loach, 21, who travelled down by bus from Edinburgh with a friend.
She said taking part in this week’s action was a “last resort”.
“I’ve spoken to my local MP, I’ve taken part in protests, I just feel like I haven’t been listened to,” she said.
“I have been changing things in my lifestyle for a long time to try and be more eco-friendly, but I had a realisation a few months ago that it doesn’t matter if I go vegan or zero waste if the government doesn’t do anything.
“There need to be big structural changes.”
Further road closures are expected on Tuesday, with Parliament Street, Great Smith Street and Westminster and Lambeth bridges predicted to be heavily affected.
Extinction Rebellion claims protests in the capital will be five times bigger than similar events in April, which saw more than 1,100 people were arrested.
What is Extinction Rebellion?
2025year when the group aims for zero carbon emissions
298,000followers on Facebook
1,130people arrested over April’s London protests
2018year the group was founded
Source: BBC Research
Extinction Rebellion (XR for short) wants governments to declare a “climate and ecological emergency” and take immediate action to address climate change.
It describes itself as an international “non-violent civil disobedience activist movement”.
Extinction Rebellion was launched in 2018 and organisers say it now has groups willing to take action in dozens of countries.
In April, the group held a large demonstration in London that brought major routes in the city to a standstill.
The Football Association is investigating an allegation of racial discrimination during Saturday’s Championship game between Charlton Athletic and Leeds United.
It is understood the incident involved Leeds goalkeeper Kiko Casilla and Charlton forward Jonathan Leko.
Referee John Brooks is understood to have included the allegation in his match report after Charlton’s 1-0 win.
The FA will now speak to both clubs and the players allegedly involved.